The Dangers of Eating Late at Night

27 10 2014


ACID REFLUX is an epidemic affecting as many as 40 percent of Americans. In addition toheartburn and indigestion, reflux symptoms may include postnasal drip, hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, chronic throat clearing, coughing andasthma. Taken together, sales of prescribed and over-the-counter anti-reflux medications exceed $13 billion per year.

The number of people with acid reflux has grown significantly in recent decades. Reflux can lead toesophageal cancer, which has increased by about 500 percent since the 1970s. And anti-reflux medication alone does not appear to control reflux disease. A Danish study published this year concluded that there were no cancer-protective effects from using the common anti-reflux medications, called proton pump inhibitors, and that regular long-term use was actually associated with an increased risk of developing esophageal cancer.

What is responsible for these disturbing developments? The answer is our poor diet, with its huge increases in the consumption of sugar, soft drinks, fat and processed foods. But there is another important variable that has been underappreciated and overlooked: our dinnertime.

I specialize in the diagnosis and management of acid reflux, especially airway reflux, which affects the throat, sinuses and lungs. Airway reflux is often “silent,” occurring without telltale digestive symptoms, like heartburn and indigestion. Most of the tens of thousands of reflux patients that I have seen over the last 35 years are well today because I treat reflux by modifying my patients’ diets and lifestyles.

Over the past two decades, I’ve noticed that the time of the evening meal has been trending later and later among my patients. The after-work meal — already later because of longer work hours — is often further delayed by activities such as shopping and exercise.

Typical was the restaurateur who came to see me with symptoms of postnasal drip, sinus disease, hoarseness, heartburn and a chronic cough. He reported that he always left his restaurant at 11 p.m., and after arriving home would eat dinner and then go to bed. There was no medical treatment for this patient, no pills or even surgery to fix his condition. The drugs we are using to treat reflux don’t always work, and even when they do, they can have dangerous side effects. My patient’s reflux was a lifestyle problem. I told him he had to eat dinner before 7 p.m., and not eat at all after work. Within six weeks, his reflux was gone.

In my experience, the single most important intervention is to eliminate late eating, which in the United States is often combined with portions of large, over-processed, fatty food. Europeans have fewer cases of reflux than we do, even though many of them eat late. That’s most likely from portion control. In France, for example, a serving of ice cream is typically a single modest scoop, while in America, it’s often three gargantuan scoops.

For my patients, eating late is often accompanied by overeating, because many skip breakfast and eat only a sandwich at lunch. Thus the evening meal becomes the largest meal of the day. After that heavy meal, it’s off to the sofa to watch television. After eating, it’s important to stay upright because gravity helps keep the contents in the stomach. Reflux is the result of acid spilling out of the stomach, and lying down with a full stomach makes reflux much more likely.

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And if you add an after-dinner dessert or bedtime snack? Again, reflux is a natural consequence. In a healthy young person, the stomach normally takes a few hours to empty after a moderate-size meal. In older people or those who have reflux, gastric emptying is often delayed. Further, those dessert calories tend to be high in carbohydrates and fat, and high-fat foods often create reflux by slowing digestion and relaxing the stomach valve that normally prevents reflux. Other popular but notoriously bad-for-nighttime-reflux foods and beverages are mints, chocolate, soft drinks and alcohol.

Many of my patients find that eating earlier alleviates their allergies,sinusitis, asthma, sleep apnea and diabetes symptoms. Although these conditions may not seem linked, postnasal drip and a cough are typical reflux symptoms that can easily be mistaken for something else.

Some of my patients who arrive complaining of reflux already eat healthfully. For them, dining too late is often the sole cause of their problem. And yet, hearing that they need to change the timing of their meals is sometimes a challenge they cannot meet.

A New Yorker with reflux came to see me because both her father and uncle died of esophageal cancer and she was afraid of getting it, too. This patient was a prominent businesswoman and her nightly routine included a 9 p.m. dinner at an elegant restaurant with at least two bottles of good red wine for the table. Her reflux was serious, and I explained that changes were needed.

She listened, then left and did not come back to see me for a year. When I saw her again, she explained what had happened. “For the first two months I just hated you,” she told me, “and then for the next two months — I was having some trouble swallowing — I figured I was going to die of esophageal cancer.” Then she nudged me and added, “You know, we’re the reason that it’s not so easy to get 6 p.m. reservations at the good restaurants anymore.”

To stop the remarkable increase in reflux disease, we have to stop eating by 8 p.m., or whatever time falls at least three hours before bed. For many people, eating dinner early represents a significant lifestyle shift. It will require eating well-planned breakfasts, lunches and snacks, with healthy food and beverage choices.


Nutritional Sex Control & Rejuvenation

25 10 2014

Dr Raymond W. Bernard
Mokelumne Hill, CA: Health Research, n.d.

. . . Since time immemorial, religious devotees abstained from meat or fasted for the purpose of controlling sexual impulses, and this explains the customs of abstention from meat and fasting during certain religious holidays. The ancient Orphics, Pythagoreans, Essenes, Gnostics, neo-Platonists, and Manichaeans all practiced vegetarianism in order to succeed in the practice of continence, which they regarded as essential for achieving the highest degree of physical and spiritual regeneration.
Pythagoras, who was born a physiologist and a moral reformer, was the first to claim that protein foods augment sexual inclinations and that a low-protein, strictly vegetarian diet was essential for all who wish to live in continence and experience the beneficial effects of this practice in leading to better brain nutrition and in heightening intellectual and spiritual powers.
Pythagoras taught that there was a direct connection between the semen and the brain and that loss of semen weakens the brain, while its conservation improves the brain’s nutrition, since the substances thus conserved act as brain nutrients.
We now know that this is a physiological fact which the intuition of Pythagoras foresaw centuries ago since lecithin, an organic phosphorized fat which is a chief constituent of brain and nerve tissue, is an essential component of the semen and is lost with it. This means that the greater the seminal excretion, the more lecithin is lost from the blood and consequently from the brain; whereas conservation of semen through continence leads to better lecithin (organic phosphorus) brain nutrition and increased intellectual energy. Since a low-protein diet diminishes the tendency of seminal excretion, it helps conserve lecithin for brain nutrition.
Since it is reasonable to identify spirituality with the regeneration of higher brain centers — the pituitary and pineal glands, the latter organ being richer in lecithin than any other part of the body — we can understand the reason why religious orders have always insisted on continence as a prime requisite for those who wish to live a spiritual life.
Among the Pythagoreans, who included some of the greatest mathematicians, astronomers, philosophers, and physicians of antiquity, not only meat but all foods rich in protein, including concentrated vegetable proteins, were prohibited as inimical to reaching the desired state of continence. . . . While Pythagoreans married and bore children, they practiced continence as a physiological discipline of value to body and brain. . . .
St. Jerome wrote: ‘The forge of Vulcan and the volcanoes of Vesuvius and Mt. Olympus do not burn more than those young men who live on succulent meats and indulge in wine.’ . . . ‘Wine and meat blunt the soul,’ wrote Plutarch in defense of Pythagorean vegetarianism. . . .
Gandhi, like Tolstoy, offers a modern example of a philosopher who practiced the dual Pythagorean doctrines of vegetarianism and continence and made the latter dependent on the former. In a debate with Margaret Sanger on the subject of contraception, which practice he denounced because it led to excessive sexual indulgence, Gandhi wrote: ‘The horror with which ancient literature regarded the fruitless loss of the vital fluid was not a superstition born of ignorance. . . Surely it is criminal for a man to allow his most precious possession to run to waste.’ . . .
Havelock Ellis notes the mild sexual feeling among the Irish who live chiefly on potatoes and buttermilk, as against the extreme sexuality of the French who live on a highly stimulating diet of meat, sea foods, and wine. In view of Tissot’s and Deslandes’ observations on the effects of an alkaline diet in reducing mucous membrane irritation in the prostatic urethra, which is the seat of sexual feeling, it is interesting to refer to Dr. Hindhede’s observations which have shown that a potato diet has a marked alkalizing effect on the blood and helps it to counteract and neutralize uric acid. In view of . . . the action of uric acid as an aphrodisiac, we can understand the reasons for the diminished sexuality of the potato-eating Irish as compared with the meat-and-wine-using French. . . .
Speaking of the type of diet best suited to reduce sexual irritability, Dr. Napheys writes:
‘From ancient times, it has been well known that a wholly or chiefly vegetable diet favors the subjugation of the passions and hence was recommended to persons of violent desires and enjoined on celibate orders of priesthood. Particularly those vegetables which contain a large percentage of vegetable fiber and water, as cabbage, turnips, beets, melons, and carrots, and those which contain acids and some soporific principle as sorrel, sour fruits, lettuce chicory, endive, and other salads are reported to have especial virtues in this direction.’
There is a definite relation between constipation, with its associated autointoxication, and sexual craving. This results from two causes: direct physical pressure of the overdistended colon on the one side and the full bladder on the other side on the seminal vesicles (or uterus in the female) which lies sandwiched in between, and the irritating action of the intestinal toxins formed through the decay of protein remnants, which act as stimulants to the sexual centers, in addition to uric acid and other foods formed through their metabolism. Since the diet recommended by Dr. Napheys will help overcome constipation and autointoxication, by introducing plenty of vegetable cellulose into the intestinal tract, it is clear that it will, for this reason, aid to counteract sexual tendencies. Intestinal cleanliness and freedom from autointoxication through protein putrefaction is the first step in sexual control. On this subject, the following quotation by Dr. John Harvey Kellogg, director of the Battle Creek Sanitarium, who for over sixty years was a strong advocate of a low protein diet and also a believer in the physiological value of continence, writes:
‘Flesh, condiments, eggs, tea, coffee, chocolate, and all other stimulants have a powerful influence directly upon the blood; and through nervous sympathy with the brain, the passions are aroused. Poor blood, filled with crude, poorly digested food, is irritating to the nervous system and especially to those extremely delicate nerves which govern the reproductive function. Irritation provokes congestion; congestion excites sexual desires; excited passions increase the local disturbances; and thus each reacts upon the other, ever increasing the injury and liability of future damage.
‘While children are raised upon such articles, or upon food with which they are thoroughly mingled, what wonder that they occasionally turn out bad. How many mothers, while teaching their children the principles of virtue in the nursery, unwittingly stimulate passions at the dinner table until vice becomes almost a physical necessity? Thus these exciting causes continue their insidious work through youth and more mature years. Right under the eyes of fathers and mothers they work the ruin of children, exciting such storms of passion as may become uncontrollable. Nothing tends so powerfully to keep the passions in abeyance as a simple diet, free from condiments, especially when coupled with a generous amount of exercise.’ (Kellogg, H.J.; ‘Plain Facts.’)
Writing on the influence of diet on the development of sexual precocity and the habit of masturbation in the young, Dr. Miller, in his Treatise on the Cause of Exhausted Vitality, writes:
‘Feeding children upon pork, gravies, eggs, and pastry made of lard, salt, meat, with mustard and pepper, rich pies and cake and sweetmeats, vinegar, pickles, tea and coffee, and everything of this description, tends to fire the blood, derange the nerves, and bring on a precocious development of the sexual passion.’ . . .
Havelock Ellis considers fish, oysters, shellfish, and beefsteak as strong aphrodisiacs. He writes: ‘Food and drink are powerful sexual stimulants. This is true even of the simplest and most wholesome nourishment and is more especially true of flesh meat and above all alcohol. Fish, shellfish (especially oysters) and eggs have a popular reputation as aphrodisiacs. The same applies to caviar (fish eggs). Islanders and seacoast tribes, subsisting on sea foods, are noted to be extremely lascivious. Whiteween, while working at an educational institution for abandoned young people in Eeremeloo, observed the effect of fish and cod liver oil in increasing sexual desire. Crabs and lobsters, like oysters and other shellfish, are noted for their aphrodisiacal properties, which are related to their high content of uric acid. Certain sea foods contain even more uric acid than meat, and this accounts for their being even stronger sexual stimulants. . . .
‘. . . With some persons, excessive sexual desire is directly dependent upon high living. Gouty conditions of the blood incidental to the latter are especially likely to be associated with irritation of the genito-urinary tract and particularly of the nerves of sexual sensibility. If one would remain continent, he must not only abjure all mental sources of sexual excitement, but he must abstain from stimulants, tobacco, highly seasoned foods — in short, from all articles of diet that tend to induce nervous irritability. It is probable that a strictly vegetarian diet is the best one that can be advised for an individual who desires to remain continent in mind and body. . . .’ (Lydston, F.G.: ‘Impotence and Sterility’).
On the same subject, Newton, in his book, The Better Way, . . . writes:
‘They who have ever carefully noted the effects on themselves of most kinds of alcoholic stimulants, of coffee, oysters, eggs, spices, and an excess of animal food of almost any kind — and especially those who prefer these things because of their stimulating effects in this direction — as well as they who find pleasure in filthy conversation and practices referred to, cannot surely with justice charge upon “nature” the exuberance of their amatory desires. In so far, then, as this appetite is excessive in us beyond the requirements of nature and enlightened reason, it is unnatural and diseased. . . . A careful abstinence from exciting foods, drinks, acts, and thoughts, and the use of appropriate means to allay excitement — these, persisted in, will bring victory in due time.’ . . .
Coffee, tea, and cocoa, as well as chocolate, contain uric acid, caffeine and other toxic alkaloids, which are sexually stimulating. Dr. McDougall of London says that several of his patients afflicted with spermatorrhea and generative debility discovered that tea and coffee always proved harmful to them by provoking such discharges. The caffeine they contain increases the heart beat, raises the blood pressure and so exerts an aphrodisiacal effect, while their uric acid irritates and causes inflammation of the genital mucous membrane, which is the seat of sexual sensibility. Lellamand mentions the case of a man who suffered from frequent nocturnal emissions which proved quite debilitating, as a result of excessive coffee drinking; but when the coffee was discontinued, the emissions stopped, and the patient was restored to health. Cocoa, which contains the alkaloid theobromine, has long been regarded as an aphrodisiac. . . .
Among irritants of the genital mucous membranes, Dr. Tissot lists pork, game, spices, alcohol, fish, eggs, pepper, and coffee as being most potent, and all are strong sexual stimulants. On this point, Dr. Elliot, in his ‘Aetiology,’ writes:
‘The abnormal intensity of the sexual impulse is largely due to improper and too stimulating food, to liquors of all kinds, spiced meats, etc. — because such improper diet causes irritation in the mucous membrane lining the digestive tract; and as this is similar to that lining the genital organs, they also become irritated and congested. To control and subdue the sexual impulse it is necessary to avoid eating or drinking anything that may tend to increase it — as, for instance, spices, condiments, rich and highly seasoned foods, eggs and meat, tea, alcoholic liquors or tobacco, or any irritating or stimulating food or drink.’
Just as a uric-acid forming diet, by its irritating influence on the genital mucous membranes, promotes sexual desires, so an alkaline-forming diet, which counteracts the formation of uric aid, consisting of vegetables, potatoes, and fruits — has the opposite effect and tends to reduce sexual inclinations. Such a diet will be of value in the prevention and overcoming of masturbation in children, in cases of sexual perversion and excess, and in various female maladies which result from inflammation of the genital mucosa, as in the catarrhal discharges of leucorrhea, in gonorrhea, etc.
Salt, pepper, mustard, and strong spices, all of which are irritants to the mucous membranes in general and the genital mucosa in particular, are aphrodisiacs and promote seminal emissions. . . .
[O]nions were regarded as aphrodisiacs by the Greeks as they still are among the yogis of India, as they also regard garlic. . . . In some countries, celery is regarded as an aphrodisiac. Among the Chinese, ginseng is the most widely used sexual invigorator due to the well-known effect of this herb to vitalize the sex glands . . .

[Experiments show] that sex in its ordinary manifestations among civilized human beings is not the product of natural instinct that is generally supposed to be but is a chemotropism evoked or conditioned reflex (in Pavlov’s sense) evoked in response to aphrodisiacal stimulation by foods and beverages, especially animal proteins, alcohol, coffee, and also tobacco. This tropistic reaction, in both its physical and psychical aspects, is subject to voluntary control through diet, an alkaline-forming, low-protein vegetable diet reducing it, while an acid-forming high-protein meat diet increases it.
The above evidence indicates that nocturnal emissions, in spite of their universality among the male sex, and contrary to popular and medical beliefs, are not natural physiological phenomena normal after puberty, nor do they provide a necessary release of semen when not discharged through voluntary sexual acts. For we shall see later that a definite physiological mechanism exists for the lymphatic resorption of semen from the seminal vesicles where it is stored . . .
We may therefore conclude that nocturnal emissions, like other sexual orgasms, are to be regarded as a vicarious elimination of the end-products of protein metabolism and indicate that the protein intake is excessive and that the kidneys are overworked. When protein intake is reduced to bodily requirements, there will be no need for the gonads to come to the aid of the kidneys and eliminate surplus nitrogenous matter in this way. As a result, nocturnal emissions disappear, as well as the tendency to erections and sexual orgasms in general. . . .
[S]peaking of nocturnal emissions, Dr. Mowry writes:
‘I am a dyed-in-the-wool believer that these are unnatural and when frequent are pathological, doing damage to the economy and causing a sensation of weakness and lassitude that is not imaginary. . . . The main cause is a congestive condition of the deep urethra. . . . It has been suggested that these hyperemias may be caused by some irritant in the urine due to faulty metabolism. . . A well defined diet must be ordered and a light supper must be eaten leisurely. The bowels must be regular. Prevent distension of the bladder. These emissions occur practically always in the early morning and are due to the distended bladder pressing the already irritated deep urethra, causing an explosion.’
The irritant in the urine to which Dr. Mowry refers is uric acid and other acid end-products of protein metabolism, which are produced in greatest quantity by animal proteins (i.e., meats of all kinds, fish, eggs, etc.). Coffee and tea also introduce uric acid into the system and irritate the deep urethra where lies the seat of sexual sensibility. The secret of sexual control is to maintain the blood and urine in as alkaline a state as possible, so as not to irritate the sexual centers in the mucous lining of the prostatic urethra. This is best achieved by a low-protein fruit and vegetable diet.
A high-protein meat diet, on the other hand, tends to produce sexual desire and nocturnal emissions by forming uric acid, which irritates the mucous lining of the prostatic urethra and also by producing intestinal putrefaction, generating poisons in the intestines which paralyze their peristaltic movements and cause constipation. Since the seminal vesicles, like the uterus, lie sandwiched in between the colon and bladder, constipation, involving a distended colon filled with hardened fecal matter, causes pressure on this organ and predisposes to emissions, just as it predisposes to uterine discharges and painful and excessive menstruation. Therefore the first step in the elimination of these conditions is to suppress intestinal putrefaction and overcome constipation and autointoxication through a low-protein vegetarian diet. . . .
Dr. Arnold Ehret observed that on a low-protein fruit and vegetable diet, using no meat, eggs, or dairy products, there is a complete disappearance of nocturnal emissions in males and leucorrhea (genital mucous discharge) in women, who also experience a progressive decrease of the menstrual flow, which occurs at increasingly longer periods until it completely disappears, coincident with heightened vitality and better health due to the resulting conservation of vital fluids. . . .
The chief acid-forming foods are meat, fowl, fish, eggs, cheese, nuts, animal fats, butter, wheat, and oats. The chief alkaline-forming foods are vegetables, fruits, and potatoes. The former foods increase the inflammation of the prostatic urethra which is the physiological cause of nocturnal emission, most sex desire and excessive and pathological sexual manifestations and diseases.
In the female, an acid-forming diet causes inflammation of the uterine mucous membrane and tends to cause the occurrence of leucorrhea and menstruation. By reducing such inflammation through an alkaline diet, Dr. Shroyer, a New England gynecologist, caused such female conditions to disappear and also caused uterine tumors to reduce and vanish, since these represent only a more advanced stage of the process of mucous membrane inflammation.
Fasting, which has been practiced since time immemorial by religious ascetics to overcome sexual inclinations, is a dependable method of sex control and sexual therapy because it helps free the blood of uric acid. But for the average high-protein feeder who suffers from chronic constipation and autointoxication (even if he has a daily bowel movement), it is best to first regenerate intestinal functioning by means of a low-protein strictly vegetarian diet composed chiefly of rice, potatoes, vegetables, and fruits. . . .

Freudianism is in a large sense a rationalization of modern sexual behavior, which seeks to provide scientific justification for sexual actions that are really unnatural and are products of aphrodisiacal food stimulation. Chief among the errors of this new pseudo-scientific phallic cult is the superstition that Freud picked up from the gutter and dressed in scientific garb that sexual abstinence is harmful and a cause of nervous and mental disorders as the result of ‘sexual repression’ that it involves and that sexual intercourse is a normal expression of the libido which is necessary for health, which belief has led many misinformed physicians to advise young men to visit prostitutes and risk venereal disease as a lesser evil than the assumed evil effects of sexual continence. [T]his belief is without scientific foundation . . . Freud makes this myth, in the form of his doctrine of repression, the cornerstone of his pseudo-scientific edifice. He himself was a sick, neurasthenic man. His picture shows him smoking a cigar, a powerful aphrodisiac. His entire philosophy of sex, to a large extent, has been colored by the chemotropistic influence of his tobacco addiction, without him being aware of it, plus his diet, which failed to keep him in health.
As a matter of fact, the present post-Freudian neurotic age suffers not from sexual abstinence and repression but from the reverse, from sexual overexpression and overindulgence. Nowhere in Freud’s works do we find a warning against sexual excess as a cause of nervous diseases and insanity, which it is admitted to be by eminent authorities. Instead of attributing neurasthenia to its true cause, i.e., lecithin deficiency and resulting nerve cell undernutrition, resulting from loss of lecithin through the semen, Freud wrongly traces it to sexual repression or underindulgence in sexual activity and his cure is uninhibited sexual intercourse. In forwarding this view and popularizing it, Freud has elevated the most groundless of popular superstitions and unscientific misconceptions into a scientific theory which, in the light of modern knowledge of sexual biochemistry and endocrinology, must be thrown onto the scrap heap of discarded pseudo-scientific theories and regarded as a rationalization to appease the conscience of modern neurotic sexual overindulgers and to create a large financial income by sale of his books which appealed greatly to public demand. . . .

The idea that the sex glands, in addition to their external secretion, produce an internal secretion which is absorbed into the bloodstream and has an important physiological function to perform, is no new idea, since it has been suspected by physiologists, physicians, and philosophers since ancient times. The Greek philosophers of antiquity, back to Pythagoras, who originated this idea, which he acquired during his studies under Egyptian initiate-priests, speculated much concerning a possible internal physiological function of the semen when retained in the body.
Pythagoras was convinced of such a function and of the vital value of seminal conservation, or continence, which became a part of the hygienic and ethical discipline of his school at Crotona and of the Pythagorean Order he founded, basing this practice on a strictly vegetarian diet low in protein. Pythagoras advocated continence as a practice of utmost physiological value both to body and brain, for he considered the semen as ‘the flower of the purest blood,’ which it was important to carefully preserve. For this reason, the followers of Pythagoras, as well as of the Greek philosophers who were later influenced by his teachings, as Plato and Aristotle, lived strictly continent lives. Alemeon, a Pythagorean physician, on the basis of Pythagoras’s physiological doctrines, claimed that the semen, when conserved, is transformed into brain nourishment and represents potential brain matter, an intuition which is now confirmed by modern biochemistry, which finds that the semen and the brain are remarkably similar in chemical composition, both being very rich in lecithin (a phosphoric brain fat), more so than most other parts of the body. . . .
Concerning the fact that the ancients anticipated by thousands of years some of our most recent discoveries in endocrinology concerning the important physiological role of the internal secretions of the sex glands, the eminent endocrinologist, Dr. Arnold Lorand, writes:
‘The ancient Hindus recommended to men sexual abstinence of long duration, thinking that by this means the internal secretion of the sexual glands would be absorbed into the system and that they would thereby reap all the benefits inherent in such a secretion. By this it seems that thousands of years before Claude Bernard and Brown-Sequard, the Hindus already appreciated the great importance of the internal secretions. . . .’
Preparing an extract made from a dog’s testicle, [Brown-Sequard] injected this into his leg. Within 24 hours after the injection, a marked change took place, due to what he called the ‘dynamogenic’ or energizing effect of the testicular extract. Body and brain became charged with new power . . .
Concerning the latter experiment, Dr. K.S. Guthrie, in his work ‘Regeneration,’ remarked: ‘But if the human sperma is as good, if not better, why should not each man preserve his own, instead of wasting this and then procuring other by repulsive and brutal means? . . . Should man inject into himself the testicular secretions of animals when he could preserve his own and keep his body continually at the highest point of vitality? In view of this it would not be too much to say that if a man were absolutely continent, he would be free from all disease and more or less so in proportion as he was not quite continent.’
This statement by Dr. Guthrie is interesting, since it is supported by the experiments of Goizet in curing a hundred different diseases by testicular extracts. Since . . . the semen is very rich in lecithin, calcium, phosphorus, iron, and is reported to contain vitamin E, sex hormones, and other substances of physiological value, it is clear that a withdrawal of these vital essentials from the blood by seminal emissions could bring on weakness and disease resulting from chronic cellular malnutrition so produced. Since the sex glands are the master glands of the endocrine chain, we can understand why such long-continued withdrawals of lecithin and other hormone-building ingredients could cause the endocrines to degenerate and bring on premature senility as a result. It is known that endocrine degeneration is the physiological cause of old age. While Sokoloff claims this is caused by autointoxication, it may also be caused by lecithin deficiency resulting from seminal excretion.
Dr. Arnold Lorand repeated Brown-Sequard’s experiment and noted a decided increase in muscular and mental powers after injection into himself of testicular extract from a pig. Subsequent studies along this line, however, showed that the effects of the ‘Brown-Sequard Elixir,’ as his testicular extract (made from the semen and other parts of the testicles) was called, were only temporary and disappeared as soon as the injected substances were utilized by the body, their effects being mainly nutritional. Loisel has moreover shown that such extracts are liable to have toxic effects and may even cause death, due to decomposition of their albumen, which causes poisoning as do other foreign proteins when injected into the blood. The use of testicular extracts has therefore been abandoned as a scientific method of rejuvenation.
In his two reports on the results of his experiment, which he delivered to the Society of Biology in Paris, Brown-Sequard dared not express the revolutionary idea, which he did in later writings, and which was an inescapable conclusion from the results of his experiment, namely, that if enrichment of the individual’s blood with foreign testicular secretions and substances is beneficial and rejuvenating, so should be the conservation of the person’s own. Also, indulgence, masturbation, nocturnal emissions, etc., should be harmful to health and vitality. An identical conclusion was later reached by Professor Sajous, dean of American endocrinologists and Professor Lydston of the University of Illinois in his work ‘Impotency and Sterility.’
Unfortunately, the human intellect is not sufficiently free from domination of emotions and passions to be willing to accept the doctrine that continence is beneficial to health, which works against the pleasure-pain principle that seems to dominate human thought and behavior. Brown-Sequard knew that if the scientists assembled at the Society of Biology before whom he read the report of his experiment ridiculed and rejected it, certainly they would do so to an even greater extent if he presented such a conclusion based on the experiment, namely that it is beneficial to conserve one’s own testicular secretions and harmful to waste them and that such conservation constitutes a natural method of sexual regeneration and rejuvenation. . . .

Since the internal secretion of the testis has been shown to be formed by the same tissues which elaborate the external secretion, i.e., the seminiferous tubules, the question arises as to the nature of the physiological mechanism by which the semen is resorbed into the circulation when it is not expended. Steinach’s experiments have shown that such a resorption occurs through the walls of the vas deferens, epididymis, etc., which are lined by absorptive lymphatics, which take up the blocked up testicular secretions and their contained sex hormones produced by the seminiferous tubules and which carry them into the bloodstream . . . There is also evidence that a similar absorption of seminal secretions and hormones can take place through the walls of the seminal vesicles which are richly lined by absorptive lymphatics; and this explains how testicular secretions and other secretions of the male genital tract, when stored in the seminal vesicles and not externally discharged, either through voluntary or involuntary emissions, are disposed of. The existence of such resorption through the absorptive lymphatics which thickly surround the seminal vesicles is undisputed, just as it is known that semen can be resorbed through the mucous lining of the female tract. . . .
‘It (the semen) is secreted by the testicles, thence passing through a rather long canal (the epididymis and vas deferens which connects with it) into the seminal vesicles and is constantly taken up again by absorbent vessels and returned into the mass of circulating fluid. . . . In a healthy man, the semen is constantly secreted in the testicles; it proceeds from them into the receptacles which are very limited and which cannot contain what is secreted in one day. There are however some very continent men who have no emission of semen for whole years. What then becomes of it if it be not returned to the circulation?
‘It is probable that this absorption does not take place solely in the seminal vesicles, but also in the testicles, the epididymis, which is a kind of first receptacle adhering to them and in the vas deferens, through which the semen passes from these organs to the seminal vesicles. . . . The semen is retained in the seminal vesicles until it is used, or expelled, by nocturnal emissions. During this time, the greater part is reabsorbed by the blood, and produces in entering it remarkable changes.’ (Tissot: Treatise on the Diseases Produced by Onanism). . . .
‘Those persons who are seeking the highest state of vitality possible to them, and who realize that all losses whatever, through whatever causes, must be avoided, there is for them a possibility of an ever-increasing vitality. . . . They will insist on preserving every drop of their precious semen, permitting it naturally to be resorbed, assuring them first of all of a perfect body, next of increased mental faculties, and finally, if they progress, and the higher nervous centers be nourished and developed, of the fullest spiritual development.’ (Guthrie, K.S.: Regeneration). . . .
Steinach has shown that the resorbed internal secretions of the sex glands, after passing into the general bloodstream, accumulate chiefly in the tissues of the central nervous system, which seems to have a selective affinity for them which can be explained on the basis of their similarity in chemical composition, both being especially rich in lecithin and phosphates. Indeed no two different constituents of the human body are so remarkably similar in composition than the semen and the brain or the spermatozoa and cortical cells of the cerebrum, both having a central head and an elongated body — the tail in the case of the spermatozoa and the dendrites of the brain cells. They are also extremely rich in lecithin, cholesterol, and nucleoproteins.